Monday, May 17, 2021
Mitochondrial Health

Gradients (ATP Synthases)

NDSU Virtual Cell Animations Project animation ‘Gradients (ATP Synthase)’. For more information please see

Gradients are used to create energy that can power biological cyles. ATP synthase is powered by a hydrogen gradient, located in the mitochondria. This section covers the action of this specific gradient.


Similar Posts

38 thoughts on “Gradients (ATP Synthases)
  1. Its generally accepted that the kinetic energy of the rotation of atp synthase is used to release the synthesized ATP, not to form it. I believe both adp and phosphate both stick to the enzyme surface in very close proximity in their respective active sites and spontaneously bind at that proximity, they just cant leave the enzyme surface without the atp synthase rotation "scraping" them off or at least changing the active site such that they spontantously "wash" off. At least that's how I imagine the action in my head.

  2. Doesn't the number of subunits on the c ring dictate how many protons it takes to make a revolution? So a complete revolution makes 3 atp moleules…

  3. Still u need 1 more H+ ion to get Pi inside the matrix , so u bassically need 4 H+ ions to get 1 molecule ATP done.(cause u need to have ADP and Pi in the matrix to synthase ATP , and ADP goes inside with antitransport with ATP , but Pi goes in with cotransport with H+ , thats why u need 4 H+ to synthase 1 ATP ) PS great video 🙂

  4. Wow…I watched a 90 minute lecture this morning, not understanding a thing and now a less than 4 minute YT-video covered the whole thing…mad world.
    Thank you!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *