During this word of the week learn about Mitochondria, what they do, how we test for mitochondrial dysfunction and how to optimize mitochondrial function.
Mitochondria is in every cell of the body, with the exception of red blood cells. Every mitochondria contains an electron transport chain. The electron transport chain helps create ATP, a form of energy. This is what mitochondria is most known for, but they do so much more than just create ATP. They have a rate limiting enzymatic step which helps to make the proteins purine and pyrimidine which are crucial for making our RNA and DNA. Mitochondria are also really important for the synthesis of heme to help make hemoglobin, help with detoxification, are important for the synthesis of estrogen and testosterone, and for neurotransmitter metabolism and cholesterol metabolism.
Environmental toxins, mycotoxins, viral infections, poor nutrition, and genetic issues can all affect how the mitochondria function. Having low energy, trouble growing and developing, or difficulty repairing tissues are all symptoms of mitochondrial deficiency. Some tests for mitochondria include serum lactate, creatine kinase with isoenzymes, plasma amino acid panel, fatty acid comprehensive profile, and carnitine panel. A MitoSwab and genetic testing can also be used to test for mitochondrial deficiency. To improve mitochondria we can take NADH/NR, creatine, carnitine, methyl folate and other B vitamins, antioxidants )such as resveratrol, alpha lipoic acid, and vitamins C, A, and E), NAC, Glutathione, CoQ10, PQQ, ubiquinol, arginine, or D Ribose.