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Cell | Structure & Functions | Types Of Cell ( Nucleus, Mitochondria, ER, Golgi Apparatus, Ribosomes

Cell | Structure & Functions | Types Of Cell ( Nucleus, Mitochondria, ER, Golgi Apparatus, Ribosomes, Lysosome,

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1) Cell
2) Types Of Cell
3) Structure Of Human Cell
4) Cell Membrane
( Nucleus, Mitochondria, ER, Golgi Apparatus, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Ribosomes, Lysosome )

Cell …..

The cell is the basic functional and structural unit of life. All the living organisms are composed of cells. All cells are formed by the division of the already existing cells which in terms of biology means reproduction. Every cell of our body comprises of genetic material which is passed down during the process.

Types Of Cell ….

Cells are of two types : eukaryotic, which contain a nucleus, and prokaryotic cells, which do not have a nucleus, but a nucleoid region is still present. Prokaryotes are single-celled organisms, while eukaryotes can be either single-celled or multicellular.

Structure Of Human Cell …..

A cell consists of three parts : the cell membrane, the nucleus, and, between the two, the cytoplasm. Within the cytoplasm lie intricate arrangements of fine fibers and hundreds or even thousands of miniscule but distinct structures called organelles.

Cell Membrane ….

The cell membrane is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment which protects the cell from its environment. The cell membrane consists of a lipid bilayer, including cholesterols that sit between phospholipids to maintain their fluidity at various temperatures.

Nucleus ….

A nucleus is a membrane-bound organelle that contains the cell’s chromosomes. Pores in the nuclear membrane allow for the passage of molecules in and out of the nucleus.

Mitochondria ….

A mitochondrion is a double-membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms. Mitochondria generate most of the cell’s supply of adenosine triphosphate, used as a source of chemical energy. They were first discovered by Albert von Kölliker in 1880 in the voluntary muscles of insects.

Cytoplasm …..

Cytoplasm is a thick solution that fills each cell and is enclosed by the cell membrane. … All of the organelles in eukaryotic cells, such as the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, and mitochondria, are located in the cytoplasm. The portion of the cytoplasm that is not contained in the organelles is called the cytosol.

Endoplasmic Reticulum ….

The endoplasmic reticulum is, in essence, the transportation system of the eukaryotic cell, and has many other important functions such as protein folding. It is a type of organelle made up of two subunits – rough endoplasmic reticulum, and smooth endoplasmic reticulum.

Ribosomes ….

A ribosome is a cellular particle made of RNA and protein that serves as the site for protein synthesis in the cell. The ribosome reads the sequence of the messenger RNA (mRNA) and, using the genetic code, translates the sequence of RNA bases into a sequence of amino acids.

Lysosomes ….

Lysosomes are membrane-bound organelles with roles in processes involved in degrading and recycling cellular waste, cellular signalling and energy metabolism. Defects in genes encoding lysosomal proteins cause lysosomal storage disorders, in which enzyme replacement therapy has proved successful.

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