what is the real name of DNA | विज्ञानिक ने दिखाया DNA का नया स्वरूप | what is the real job of DNA
What is DNA With Full Information? – [Hindi] – Quick Support
From DNA to protein – 3D
Building blocks of RNA,
Building blocks of DNA and RNA,
3 parts that make up the building blocks of DNA,
Are nucleotides the building blocks of DNA,
What are the building blocks of new copies of DNA,
What are the building blocks of DNA Quizlet,
Do you know what is DNA DNA is a very complex structure of the human body which we inherit from our ancestors, it is found in all living cells i.e. DNA is present in all organisms DNA is immortal and it It is passed on from generation to generation
You must have heard about DNA in movies or on news channels, how DNA is used to identify the dead body of a person. Yes, what is DNA, how DNA is tested, and all the information related to the type of DNA will be discussed in detail, so let’s go ahead and know the complete information about DNA.
What is DNA What is DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid is a genetic material that is found in humans and almost all other organisms, mostly every cell of a person contains only one type of DNA, most of the DNA is located in the cell nucleus, it is called nuclear called DNA but some amount of DNA is also found in mitochondria called mitochondrial DNA Mitochondria are structures present in cells that convert energy from food into a form that can be used for cells
The information inside the DNA is preserved in the form of a code which is made up of four chemical bases adenine A guanine G cytosine C thymine T Human DNA has about 3 billion 300 million bases and more than 99 percent of these bases are all bases. The order or sequence of these bases determines the information available for making and maintaining an organism, just as alphabets appear to complete a word or sentence.DNA bases pair with each other to form a unit called base pairs. A pair with T and C forms a pair with G. Each base is attached to a sugar molecule and a phosphate molecule when When a base sugar and phosphate meet, it is called a nucleotide.
Nucleotides are arranged in two long strands that form a spiral called a double helix. The double helix has a curved ladder-like structure with base pairs forming a ladder and a ladder for sugar and phosphate molecules. The most important thing about DNA is that it replicates itself i.e. makes copies of itself. Each strand of DNA can serve for duplicating the bases sequence in the double helix. This is a very important function because each new cell needs an exact copy of the DNA present in the old cell.
DNA contains the instructions necessary for an organism to grow, live and reproduce. To perform all these functions, DNA sequences are converted into messages that can be used to make proteins. These are complex molecules that most complete tasksEach DNA sequence that contains instructions for making proteins is called a gene. The size of a gene in humans can range from 1000 bases to 1 million bases. Genes are made up of only 1 percent of the DNA sequence, out of this 1 percent of DNA. sequence controls when and how much protein is made
DNA instructions are used in a two step process to make proteins. First enzymes read the information present in a DNA molecule and enter it into an intermediary molecule called messenger ribonucleic acid or mRNA. Now mRNA The information contained in a molecule is translated into the language of amino acids which are the building blocks in proteins. This language tells the protein-making machinery of the cell the exact sequence in which amino acids are combined to produce a specific protein. This is a major task because there are 20 types of amino acids that are placed in many different orders to produce a wide variety of proteins.
Deoxyribonucleic acid i.e. the building blocks of DNA are called nucleotides which are made up of three parts a deoxyribose 5 carbon sugar a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base Within the DNA there are four types of nitrogenous base Adenine A guanine G Cytosine C and Thymine T Nucleotides are named on the basis of the nitrogenous base it contains
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