Mitochondria are small organelles found in most eukaryotic cells. They are often called the “powerhouses of the cell” because their primary function is to produce energy. Mitochondria generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a molecule that serves as the cell’s main source of energy. They have a unique structure with an outer membrane, inner membrane, intermembrane space, and matrix. The inner membrane contains folds called cristae, which increase the surface area for energy production. Mitochondria play crucial roles in cell metabolism, calcium storage, regulation of cell death, and other important cellular processes.
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